缁忔祹瀛︿汉:鍗板凹缁忔祹鈥斿熀纭€璁炬柦寤虹珛涔嬪悗(1)
鏃ユ湡:2019-06-07 18:22

(鍗曡瘝缈昏瘧:鍗曞嚮)

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Victoriaopai, a teacher in a remote part of West Kalimantan, Indonesia's slice of Borneo,
Victoriaopai鏄嵃灏煎﹩缃楁床瑗垮姞閲屾浖涓瑰矝鏌愬亸杩滃湴鍖虹殑涓€鍚嶈€佸笀锛?br />is charmed by the new road connecting her school to Putussibau, the nearest town.
杩炴帴濂规墍鍦ㄥ鏍″拰鏈€杩戝皬闀囨櫘鍥捐タ鍖呯殑閭f潯鏂板叕璺濂圭潃杩?span style="display:none">VL-s%rlSC5&銆?br />It is smooth, reasonably straight and cuts through swathes of jungle.
杩欐潯鍏钩鍧︾瑪鐩达紝閫斾腑杩樼┛杩囦簡澶х墖鐨勪笡鏋?span style="display:none">xKu^gl#L=Q;=*1yq銆?br />It used to take three hours to get into town, she says. Now it takes 40 minutes.
濂硅浠ュ墠闇€瑕佷笁涓皬鏃舵墠鑳借繘鍩?span style="display:none">CZ^v0|1ZKbfW銆傜幇鍦ㄥ彧闇€40鍒嗛挓3@.rQSN!J97&kx*@YO銆?br />Over the past five years new roads, airports and railways have popped up across Indonesia.
杩囧幓5骞撮噷锛屽嵃灏煎悇鍦板缓浜嗘柊鐨勫叕璺€佹満鍦哄拰閾佽矾pawC1mXTnhj銆?br />Reviving its ailing infrastructure was a pledge of Joko Widodo, the president, known as Jokowi, during his first term.
閲嶆尟鐮存棫鐨勫熀纭€璁炬柦鏄綈绉懧风淮澶氬鎬荤粺锛堜篃绉癑okowi锛夊湪绗竴浠绘湡鏃剁殑鎵胯=G(@m0~H[,e銆?br />Along with poverty-reduction measures, it helped him win re-election on April 17th.
鍔犱笂鎵惰传鎺柦锛岃繖甯姪浠栧湪4鏈?7鏃ヨ耽寰楄繛浠?span style="display:none">946bd!ar;[r*(rwh_Ad銆?br />In his first term Indonesia grew by 5.1% annually;
鍦ㄤ粬鐨勭涓€涓换鏈燂紝鍗板凹缁忔祹骞村闀?.1%锛?br />last year the IMF said ambitious economic reforms could enable Indonesia to grow at 6.5% by 2022.
鍘诲勾IMF绉伴泟蹇冨媰鍕冪殑缁忔祹鏀归潻鏈夋湜浣垮嵃灏肩粡娴庡湪2022骞村墠澧為暱6.5%l7UmbXPQ]y1,*A*beVN銆?br />Jokowi promises to improve "human resources", meaning education and the quality of the labour force.
缁村澶氭壙璇烘敼鍠勨€滀汉鍔涜祫婧愨€濓紝鎸囩殑鏄姵鍔ㄥ姏鐨勬暀鑲插拰璐ㄩ噺SLk_RvI;!5GI2n(;R銆?br />In a speech on April 30th he talked about "upskilling" Indonesia.
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In 2003 the constitution was amended to require the government to spend 20% of its budget on education.
鍦?003骞达紝淇敼鍚庣殑瀹硶瑕佹眰鏀垮簻灏嗗叾棰勭畻鐨?0%鐢ㄤ簬鏁欒偛^ztQbM|x^BOyusRO銆?br />Previously it had spent about half that. And the share of 13- to 18-year-olds enrolled in school has risen over the past two decades, to 88%.
姝ゅ墠锛屾暀鑲插紑鏀粎涓虹害10%S5T#_uGk!!gTsnBenW_銆傚湪杩囧幓涓ゅ勾涓紝13鍒?8宀佷汉缇ょ殑鍏ュ鐜囧闀胯嚦88%*qhZY&j^KQA銆?br />But outcomes are poor. Over half of those who finish school are functionally illiterate.
浣嗙粨鏋滃緢绯熺硶6;ToK@twdiF.+wy銆傚叾涓秴杩囦竴鍗婄殑姣曚笟鐢熸槸鍔熻兘鎬ф枃鐩?span style="display:none">H8G^+Ofi151wt0tjT4!*銆?br />Between 2003 and 2015 Indonesia's scores in the PISA tests run by the OECD, a think-tank of 36 countries, improved only slightly.
鍦?003骞村埌2015骞撮棿锛屽嵃灏煎湪鐢監ECD锛堜竴涓敱36鍥界粍鎴愮殑鏅哄泭鍥級缁勭粐鐨凱ISA娴嬭瘯涓殑寰楀垎鍙槸鐣ユ湁鎻愰珮U(s+hsszE5銆?br />In 2015 it came 64th out of 70 countries in the organisation's rankings of 15-year-olds in literacy.
2015骞达紝璇ョ粍缁囧70涓浗瀹剁殑15宀佸効绔ョ殑璇诲啓鑳藉姏杩涜鎺掑悕锛岃鍥戒粎鎺掑湪64浣?span style="display:none">HSjec.c0|Fvy2vTE!銆?br />The problem, says Daniel Suryadarma of the SMERU Research Institute in Jakarta,
闆呭姞杈惧嵃灏肩ぞ浼氱洃鐫e拰棰勮鐮旂┒鎵€鐨凞aniel Suryadarma琛ㄧず锛?br />is not how much money goes on education, but how it is spent.
闂涓嶅湪浜庤姳浜嗗灏戦挶鍦ㄦ暀鑲蹭笂锛岃€屽湪浜庢€庝箞鑺?span style="display:none">Yv]#6ea~)H^,zLxk&4銆?br />Though half of the extra funding went on teachers' salaries, pay rises were not tied to performance, so there was no impact on attainment.
灏界鏈変竴鍗婄殑棰濆璧勯噾鑺卞湪浜嗘暀甯堝伐璧勪笂锛屼絾鍔犺柂涓庡伐浣滆〃鐜版棤鍏筹紝鎵€浠ヨ繖瀵规垚缁╂病鏈夊奖鍝?span style="display:none">YzT5159b+h1u銆?br />Meanwhile, facilities are threadbare. Half of primary schools have no electricity.
鍚屾椂锛屾暀鑲茶鏂戒篃寰堢牬鏃?span style="display:none">vW*.KrOJofrx銆備竴鍗婄殑灏忓娌¢€氱數|0pdg2s[LI9銆?br />Shoddy schooling makes it hard for people to find jobs. Red tape makes it harder still.
鍔h川鐨勫鏍℃暀鑲蹭娇浜轰滑寰堥毦鎵惧埌宸ヤ綔KMss]nuIK.rEU3-^_銆傜箒鏂囩紱鑺備娇杩欐洿鍔犲洶闅?span style="display:none">CtUr16r@x]]z=9*銆?br />According to the World Bank's "ease of doing business" ranking, Indonesia has the world's third-highest severance pay.
鏍规嵁涓栫晫閾惰鐨勨€滅粡鍟嗙幆澧冣€濇帓鍚嶏紝鍗板凹鍗板凹鎷ユ湁涓栫晫绗笁楂樼殑绂昏亴閲?span style="display:none">A;WaH9KU2FH#[We4銆?br />An employee dismissed after a year is entitled to four months' pay.
涓€骞村悗琚В闆囩殑鍛樺伐鏈夋潈鑾峰緱鍥涗釜鏈堢殑宸ヨ祫W3L9z31Xw0銆?br />Since it is expensive for firms to shed workers in lean times, they are reluctant to hire in good ones.
鐢变簬鍦ㄤ笉鏅皵鏃舵湡锛屽叕鍙歌鍛樻垚鏈槀璐碉紝鎵€浠ュ湪绻佽崳鏃舵湡锛屼粬浠笉鎰挎嫑鑱?span style="display:none">u1]zdHzm(=mKv#I0銆?br />Pricey severance also helps explain why 60% of Indonesian employees work in the informal sector,
鏄傝吹鐨勭鑱岄噾涔熷府鍔╄В閲婁簡涓轰粈涔?0%鐨勫嵃灏煎憳宸ヤ細鍦ㄩ潪姝h閮ㄩ棬宸ヤ綔锛?br />and why many of those who do not are on temporary, rolling contracts.
浠ュ強涓轰粈涔堝緢澶氭瑙勯儴闂ㄥ憳宸ョ鐨勬槸涓存椂婊氬姩鍚堝悓kv00wR84f!銆?br />

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璇戞枃鐢卞彲鍙師鍒涳紝浠呬緵瀛︿範浜ゆ祦浣跨敤锛屾湭缁忚鍙鍕胯浆杞?span style="display:none">g&aE)hH;M;y(b3銆?/span>

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璇嶈瑙i噴

1.pop up 绐佺劧鍑虹幇
These fears will pop up in front of you and within you.
杩欎簺鎭愭儳浼氱獊鐒跺嚭鐜板湪浣犵殑闈㈠墠鍜屼綘鐨勫績搴?span style="display:none">H=7#|&~&4]c銆?br />2.ailing 澧冨喌涓嶄匠鐨?/span>
The rise in overseas sales is good news for the ailing American economy.
娴峰閿€鍞鐨勪笂鍗囧浜庝笉鏅皵鐨勭編鍥界粡娴庢潵璇存槸涓ソ娑堟伅==m,d=hgOJJGc.#y銆?br />3.amend 淇敼
The president agreed to amend the constitution and allow multi-party elections...
鎬荤粺鍚屾剰淇瀹硶锛屽厑璁稿鍏氶€変妇!oz@uO%89MWDUkw=IT=銆?br />4.threadbare 鐮存棫鐨?/span>
She sat cross-legged on a square of threadbare carpet.
濂圭洏鑵垮潗鍦ㄤ竴鍧楃牬鏃х殑鏂瑰舰鍦版涓?span style="display:none">g357k]Gl~3P;)!G銆?br />

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