Victoriaopai, a teacher in a remote part of West Kalimantan, Indonesia's slice of Borneo,
Victoriaopai鏄嵃灏煎﹩缃楁床瑗垮姞閲屾浖涓瑰矝鏌愬亸杩滃湴鍖虹殑涓€鍚嶈€佸笀锛?br />is charmed by the new road connecting her school to Putussibau, the nearest town.
杩炴帴濂规墍鍦ㄥ鏍″拰鏈€杩戝皬闀囨櫘鍥捐タ鍖呯殑閭ｆ潯鏂板叕璺濂圭潃杩?span style="display:none">VL-s%rlSC5&銆?br />It is smooth, reasonably straight and cuts through swathes of jungle.
杩欐潯鍏钩鍧︾瑪鐩达紝閫斾腑杩樼┛杩囦簡澶х墖鐨勪笡鏋?span style="display:none">xKu^gl#L=Q;=*1yq銆?br />It used to take three hours to get into town, she says. Now it takes 40 minutes.
濂硅浠ュ墠闇€瑕佷笁涓皬鏃舵墠鑳借繘鍩?span style="display:none">CZ^v0|1ZKbfW銆傜幇鍦ㄥ彧闇€40鍒嗛挓 銆?br />Over the past five years new roads, airports and railways have popped up across Indonesia.
杩囧幓5骞撮噷锛屽嵃灏煎悇鍦板缓浜嗘柊鐨勫叕璺€佹満鍦哄拰閾佽矾 銆?br />Reviving its ailing infrastructure was a pledge of Joko Widodo, the president, known as Jokowi, during his first term.
閲嶆尟鐮存棫鐨勫熀纭€璁炬柦鏄綈绉懧风淮澶氬鎬荤粺锛堜篃绉癑okowi锛夊湪绗竴浠绘湡鏃剁殑鎵胯 銆?br />Along with poverty-reduction measures, it helped him win re-election on April 17th.
鍔犱笂鎵惰传鎺柦锛岃繖甯姪浠栧湪4鏈?7鏃ヨ耽寰楄繛浠?span style="display:none">946bd!ar;[r*(rwh_Ad銆?br />In his first term Indonesia grew by 5.1% annually;
鍦ㄤ粬鐨勭涓€涓换鏈燂紝鍗板凹缁忔祹骞村闀?.1%锛?br />last year the IMF said ambitious economic reforms could enable Indonesia to grow at 6.5% by 2022.
鍘诲勾IMF绉伴泟蹇冨媰鍕冪殑缁忔祹鏀归潻鏈夋湜浣垮嵃灏肩粡娴庡湪2022骞村墠澧為暱6.5% 銆?br />Jokowi promises to improve "human resources", meaning education and the quality of the labour force.
缁村澶氭壙璇烘敼鍠勨€滀汉鍔涜祫婧愨€濓紝鎸囩殑鏄姵鍔ㄥ姏鐨勬暀鑲插拰璐ㄩ噺 銆?br />In a speech on April 30th he talked about "upskilling" Indonesia.
In 2003 the constitution was amended to require the government to spend 20% of its budget on education.
鍦?003骞达紝淇敼鍚庣殑瀹硶瑕佹眰鏀垮簻灏嗗叾棰勭畻鐨?0%鐢ㄤ簬鏁欒偛 銆?br />Previously it had spent about half that. And the share of 13- to 18-year-olds enrolled in school has risen over the past two decades, to 88%.
姝ゅ墠锛屾暀鑲插紑鏀粎涓虹害10% 銆傚湪杩囧幓涓ゅ勾涓紝13鍒?8宀佷汉缇ょ殑鍏ュ鐜囧闀胯嚦88% 銆?br />But outcomes are poor. Over half of those who finish school are functionally illiterate.
浣嗙粨鏋滃緢绯熺硶 銆傚叾涓秴杩囦竴鍗婄殑姣曚笟鐢熸槸鍔熻兘鎬ф枃鐩?span style="display:none">H8G^+Ofi151wt0tjT4!*銆?br />Between 2003 and 2015 Indonesia's scores in the PISA tests run by the OECD, a think-tank of 36 countries, improved only slightly.
鍦?003骞村埌2015骞撮棿锛屽嵃灏煎湪鐢監ECD锛堜竴涓敱36鍥界粍鎴愮殑鏅哄泭鍥級缁勭粐鐨凱ISA娴嬭瘯涓殑寰楀垎鍙槸鐣ユ湁鎻愰珮 銆?br />In 2015 it came 64th out of 70 countries in the organisation's rankings of 15-year-olds in literacy.
2015骞达紝璇ョ粍缁囧70涓浗瀹剁殑15宀佸効绔ョ殑璇诲啓鑳藉姏杩涜鎺掑悕锛岃鍥戒粎鎺掑湪64浣?span style="display:none">HSjec.c0|Fvy2vTE!銆?br />The problem, says Daniel Suryadarma of the SMERU Research Institute in Jakarta,
闆呭姞杈惧嵃灏肩ぞ浼氱洃鐫ｅ拰棰勮鐮旂┒鎵€鐨凞aniel Suryadarma琛ㄧず锛?br />is not how much money goes on education, but how it is spent.
闂涓嶅湪浜庤姳浜嗗灏戦挶鍦ㄦ暀鑲蹭笂锛岃€屽湪浜庢€庝箞鑺?span style="display:none">Yv]#6ea~)H^,zLxk&4銆?br />Though half of the extra funding went on teachers' salaries, pay rises were not tied to performance, so there was no impact on attainment.
灏界鏈変竴鍗婄殑棰濆璧勯噾鑺卞湪浜嗘暀甯堝伐璧勪笂锛屼絾鍔犺柂涓庡伐浣滆〃鐜版棤鍏筹紝鎵€浠ヨ繖瀵规垚缁╂病鏈夊奖鍝?span style="display:none">YzT5159b+h1u銆?br />Meanwhile, facilities are threadbare. Half of primary schools have no electricity.
鍚屾椂锛屾暀鑲茶鏂戒篃寰堢牬鏃?span style="display:none">vW*.KrOJofrx銆備竴鍗婄殑灏忓娌￠€氱數 銆?br />Shoddy schooling makes it hard for people to find jobs. Red tape makes it harder still.
鍔ｈ川鐨勫鏍℃暀鑲蹭娇浜轰滑寰堥毦鎵惧埌宸ヤ綔 銆傜箒鏂囩紱鑺備娇杩欐洿鍔犲洶闅?span style="display:none">CtUr16r@x]]z=9*銆?br />According to the World Bank's "ease of doing business" ranking, Indonesia has the world's third-highest severance pay.
鏍规嵁涓栫晫閾惰鐨勨€滅粡鍟嗙幆澧冣€濇帓鍚嶏紝鍗板凹鍗板凹鎷ユ湁涓栫晫绗笁楂樼殑绂昏亴閲?span style="display:none">A;WaH9KU2FH#[We4銆?br />An employee dismissed after a year is entitled to four months' pay.
涓€骞村悗琚В闆囩殑鍛樺伐鏈夋潈鑾峰緱鍥涗釜鏈堢殑宸ヨ祫 銆?br />Since it is expensive for firms to shed workers in lean times, they are reluctant to hire in good ones.
鐢变簬鍦ㄤ笉鏅皵鏃舵湡锛屽叕鍙歌鍛樻垚鏈槀璐碉紝鎵€浠ュ湪绻佽崳鏃舵湡锛屼粬浠笉鎰挎嫑鑱?span style="display:none">u1]zdHzm(=mKv#I0銆?br />Pricey severance also helps explain why 60% of Indonesian employees work in the informal sector,
鏄傝吹鐨勭鑱岄噾涔熷府鍔╄В閲婁簡涓轰粈涔?0%鐨勫嵃灏煎憳宸ヤ細鍦ㄩ潪姝ｈ閮ㄩ棬宸ヤ綔锛?br />and why many of those who do not are on temporary, rolling contracts.
浠ュ強涓轰粈涔堝緢澶氭瑙勯儴闂ㄥ憳宸ョ鐨勬槸涓存椂婊氬姩鍚堝悓 銆?br />
1.pop up 绐佺劧鍑虹幇
These fears will pop up in front of you and within you.
杩欎簺鎭愭儳浼氱獊鐒跺嚭鐜板湪浣犵殑闈㈠墠鍜屼綘鐨勫績搴?span style="display:none">H=7#|&~&4]c銆?br />2.ailing 澧冨喌涓嶄匠鐨?/span>
The rise in overseas sales is good news for the ailing American economy.
娴峰閿€鍞鐨勪笂鍗囧浜庝笉鏅皵鐨勭編鍥界粡娴庢潵璇存槸涓ソ娑堟伅 銆?br />3.amend 淇敼
The president agreed to amend the constitution and allow multi-party elections...
鎬荤粺鍚屾剰淇瀹硶锛屽厑璁稿鍏氶€変妇 銆?br />4.threadbare 鐮存棫鐨?/span>
She sat cross-legged on a square of threadbare carpet.
濂圭洏鑵垮潗鍦ㄤ竴鍧楃牬鏃х殑鏂瑰舰鍦版涓?span style="display:none">g357k]Gl~3P;)!G銆?br />