2017骞磋€冪爺鑻辫(浜?闃呰鐪熼(MP3+瀛楀箷)绗?绡?Smartphones Won't Make Your Kids Dumb
鏃ユ湡:2017-10-29 11:37

(鍗曡瘝缈昏瘧:鍗曞嚮)

With so much focus on children's use of screens, it's easy for parents to forget about their own screen use.
瀵瑰瀛愪娇鐢ㄧ數瀛愯澶囩粰浜堝お澶氱殑鍏虫敞锛屽緢瀹规槗璁╃埗姣嶅繕璁拌嚜宸变娇鐢ㄧ數瀛愯澶囥€?br />"Tech is designed to really suck on you in," says Jenny Radesky in her study of digital play,
鈥滃彂灞曠鎶€鐨勭洰鐨勫氨鏄负浜嗚浣犳矇娴稿叾涓€濓紝瑭瑰Ξ路鎷夊痉鏂熀鍦ㄥス鐨勬暟瀛椾骇鍝佺爺绌朵腑瀹gО锛?br />"and digital products are there to promote maximal engagement.
鈥滅敓浜ф暟瀛椾骇鍝佹槸涓轰簡璁╀綘瀵瑰叾鏇寸棿杩枫€?br />It makes it hard to disengage, and leads to a lot of bleed-over into the family routine."
杩欏緢闅捐浜轰笉娌夋蹈鍏朵腑锛屼篃浼氬鑷村搴棩甯稿彈鍒伴噸澶у奖鍝嶃€傗€?br />Radesky has studied the use of mobile phones and tablets at mealtimes by giving mother-child pairs a food-testing exercise.
鎷夊痉鏂熀閫氳繃濡堝鈥斿瀛愰鐗╂祴璇曞疄楠岋紝鐮旂┒浜嗘墜鏈哄拰骞虫澘鐢佃剳鐨勪娇鐢ㄣ€?br />She found that mothers who sued devices during the exercise
濂瑰彂鐜帮紝鍦ㄥ疄楠屾湡闂翠娇鐢ㄧ數瀛愯澶囩殑姣嶄翰涓庡瀛?br />started 20 percent fewer verbal and 39 percent fewer nonverbal interactions with their children.
杩涜鐨勮瑷€浜ゆ祦鍑忓皯浜?0%锛岃繘琛岀殑闈炶瑷€浜ゆ祦鍑忓皯浜?9%銆?br />During a separate observation, she saw that phones became a source of tension in the family.
鍦ㄤ竴娆$嫭绔嬬殑瑙傚療涓紝濂瑰彂鐜版墜鏈烘垚浜嗗搴揣寮犳皼鍥寸殑鏍规簮銆?br />Parents would be looking at their emails while the children would be making excited bids for their attention.
鐖舵瘝褰撴椂鍙兘姝e湪鏌ョ湅浠栦滑鐨勭數瀛愰偖浠讹紝鑰屽瀛愪滑鍙兘姝e湪鍔姏鍦版兂瑕佽幏寰椾粬浠殑娉ㄦ剰銆?br />Infants are wired to look at parents' faces to try to understand their world,
濠村辜鍎夸細鑷劧鐨勮瀵熺埗姣嶇殑琛ㄦ儏浠ヨ瘯鍥剧悊瑙d粬浠殑涓栫晫锛?br />and if those faces are blank and unresponsive鈥攁s they often are when absorbed in a device鈥攊t can be extremely disconcerting foe the children.
濡傛灉浠栦滑闈㈡棤琛ㄦ儏銆佹鏃犲洖搴斺€斺€斾粬浠矇娴镐簬鐢靛瓙璁惧鏃剁粡甯稿姝も€斺€旇繖浼氳瀛╁瓙浠瀬鍏朵笉瀹夈€?br />Radesky cites the "still face experiment" devised by developmental psychologist Ed Tronick in the 1970s.
鎷夊痉鏂熀寮曠敤浜嗗彂灞曞績鐞嗗瀹跺焹寰仿风壒娲涘凹鍏?0涓栫邯70骞翠唬鍋氱殑鈥滈潤姝㈣劯瀹為獙鈥濄€?br />In it, a mother is asked to interact with her child in a normal way
鍦ㄨ瀹為獙涓紝涓€浣嶅濡堣瑕佹眰涓庡ス鐨勫瀛愪互姝e父鐨勬柟寮忎簰鍔紝
before putting on a blank expression and not giving them any visual social feedback;
涔嬪悗锛岃姹傚ス闈㈡棤琛ㄦ儏骞朵笖涓嶈兘鍋氬嚭瑙嗚涓婄殑銆佺ぞ浜ゆ€х殑鍥炲簲銆?br />The child becomes increasingly distressed as she tries to capture her mother's attention.
缁撴灉锛岃繖涓瀛愯瘯鍥惧惛寮曞濡堢殑娉ㄦ剰鍔涳紝鍚屾椂鍙樺緱瓒婃潵瓒婄棝鑻︺€?br />"Parents don't have to be exquisitely parents at all times, but there needs to be a balance
鎷夊痉鏂熀璇达紝鈥滅埗姣嶄笉蹇呬竴鐩撮兘鍑虹幇锛屼絾鏄嚭鐜板拰涓嶅嚭鐜颁箣闂撮渶瑕佸钩琛★紝
and parents need to be responsive and sensitive to a child's verbal or nonverbal expressions of an emotional need," says Radesky.
鐖舵瘝闇€瑕佸瀛╁瓙鎯呮劅闇€姹傜殑璇█鎴栭潪璇█鐨勮〃杈捐鏁忔劅锛屼笖瀵规鍋氬嚭鍥炲簲鈥濄€?br />On the other hand, Tronick himself is concerned that the worries about kids' use of screens
鍙︿竴鏂归潰锛岀壒缃楀凹鍏嬫湰韬篃鎷呭咖锛屽浜庡瀛愪娇鐢ㄧ數瀛愯澶?br />are born out of an "oppressive ideology that demands that parents should always be interacting" with their children:
鐨勬媴蹇ф潵鑷簬鈥滃帇杩€х殑鎰忚瘑褰㈡€侊紝鍏惰姹傜埗姣嶅簲璇ョ粡甯镐笌瀛╁瓙浜掑姩鈥濓細
"It's based on a somewhat fantasized, very white, very upper-middle-class ideology
瀹冩墍鍩轰簬鐨勬剰璇嗗舰鎬佹湁鐐瑰効鐞嗘兂鍖栵紝鏋佸叾绗﹀悎鐧戒汉鍜屼腑涓婂眰闃剁骇鐨勮蹇碉紝
that says if you're failing to expose your child to 30,000 words you are neglecting them."
杩欎竴鎰忚瘑褰㈡€佽涓哄鏋滀綘鏈兘璁╁瀛愭帴瑙﹀埌3涓囦釜璇嶆眹锛屼綘灏辨槸蹇界暐浜嗕粬浠€?br />Tronick believes that just because a child isn't learning from the screen doesn't mean there's no value to it,
鐗圭綏灏煎厠涔嬫墍浠ヨ繖涔堢湅锛屾牴鏈師鍥犲湪浜庯紝瀛╁瓙娌℃湁浠庡睆骞曚腑涓婂鍒颁笢瑗垮苟涓嶆剰鍛崇潃瀹冨氨姣棤浠峰€硷紝
particularly if it gives parents time to have a shower, do housework or simply have a break from their child.
灏ゅ叾鏄綋瀹冭兘璁╃埗姣嶆湁鏃堕棿鍐蹭釜娣嬫荡銆佸仛浜涘鍔℃垨鍙槸鏆傛椂绂诲紑瀛╁瓙浼戞伅涓€涓嬬殑鏃跺€欍€?br />Parents, he says, can get a lot out of using their devices to speak to a friend or get some work out of the way.
浠栬锛岀埗姣嶄娇鐢ㄨ嚜宸辩殑鐢靛瓙璁惧鍙互寰楀埌寰堝涓滆タ锛岃繖鏍疯窡鏈嬪弸鑱婂ぉ灏辨湁璇濆彲鑱婃垨鑰呭畬鎴愪竴浜涘伐浣溿€?br />This can make them feel happier, which lets then be more available to their child the rest of the time.
杩欎細璁╃埗姣嶆洿鍔犲紑蹇冿紝涔熸洿鍙兘璁╃埗姣嶇敤鍓╀笅鐨勬椂闂撮櫔浼村瀛愩€?br />

閲嶇偣鍗曡瘝
  • psychologistn. 蹇冪悊瀛﹀
  • sourcen. 鍙戞簮鍦帮紝鏉ユ簮锛屽師濮嬭祫鏂?/span>
  • emotionaladj. 鎰熸儏鐨勶紝鎯呯华鐨?/span>
  • promotevt. 淇冭繘锛屾彁鍗囷紝鍗囪縼; 鍙戣捣; 淇冮攢
  • absorbedadj. 涓€蹇冧竴鎰忕殑锛涜鍚告敹鐨?v. 鍚告敹锛涗娇鍏ㄧ璐敞锛?/span>
  • understandvt. 鐞嗚В锛屾噦锛屽惉璇达紝鑾锋倝锛屽皢 ... 鐞嗚В涓猴紝璁や负
  • sensitiveadj. 鏁忔劅鐨勶紝鐏垫晱鐨勶紝鏄撳彈浼ゅ鐨勶紝鎰熷厜鐨勶紝鍠勮В浜烘剰鐨?/span>
  • unresponsiveadj. 鏃犲弽搴旂殑锛涘弽搴旇繜閽濈殑
  • engagementn. 濠氱害锛岃濠氾紝绾︿細锛岀害瀹氾紝浜ゆ垬锛岄泧鐢紝(鏈哄櫒闆朵欢绛?
  • maximaladj. 鏈€澶х殑锛屾渶楂樼殑