I'm Faith Lapidus. And I'm Bob Doughty with PEOPLE IN AMERICA in VOA Special English. Today, we tell about the famous artist Jackson Pollock who helped redefine modern art in the United States. Pollock invented a new kind of painting that changed the way the world looked at art.
Until the twentieth century, most paintings were representational. This means that artists "represented" their subjects in a way that was realistic and recognizable. However, during the first half of the twentieth century, artists like Jackson Pollock started to explore other methods of representation.
When he first began painting, Jackson Pollock painted representational objects such as people and animals. However, he is famous for helping to create a whole new art movement called Abstract Expressionism. An "abstract" image is one where the subject is not represented realistically. Instead, the artist uses color and shapes to suggest the most general qualities of the subject. "Expressionism" is a kind of art that expresses feelings and thoughts. Abstract Expressionism is art that shows emotions and ideas through non-representational forms.
In Pollock's most famous works, there is no recognizable subject. His art works are large surfaces of canvas completely covered in different colors of paint. However, Pollock did not start out as a revolutionary painter. He developed the artistic process he became famous for over many years.
Jackson Pollock was born in Cody, Wyoming in nineteen twelve. He grew up in the states of Arizona and California. Pollock later said that the wide-open land of these western areas greatly influenced his expansive artwork. In nineteen thirty he moved east to New York City where he studied at the Art Students League. There, Pollock spent a few years studying with the artist Thomas Hart Benton who painted images of every day American life. Pollock's early works are similar to his teacher's kind of painting. However, Pollock slowly left this traditional art education behind.
Pollock's work had many other influences. For example, he liked a group of Mexican painters who made murals. Murals are large images that the artists paint directly onto a wall. Some of these painters were working in New York City in the nineteen thirties, so Pollock was able to see them work. Pollock borrowed several methods and ideas from these artists. They included the use of large canvases, the method of freely applying paint and honoring old and new traditions.
Pollock was also influenced by the Spanish artist Miro. Miro was part of a movement of surrealist painters. Surrealist artists thought that true art comes from a part of the mind called the unconscious. The unconscious controls the area of the mind that produces dreams. Pollock agreed with these artists that the unconscious mind was an important force in creating art.
Also, when he was in his late twenties, Pollock suffered a mental breakdown. It was caused in part by depression and dependence on alcohol. As a result, he was treated by a Jungian psychoanalyst. This is a special kind of expert in emotional health who works to understand the unconscious mind, dreams, and emotions. Pollock was influenced by this kind of investigation of human relations and emotions. This "inside world" would become the subject of his paintings.
In nineteen forty-four, Pollock married Lee Krasner who was also a skilled Abstract Expressionist painter. The next year they moved to East Hampton, a small town on Long Island in the state of New York. The couple wanted to get away from the busy life of New York City. In this country environment they could enjoy nature and have more time to work on their art.
Next to their house Pollock set up a studio building where he could create his artwork. In this large studio Pollock created the paintings that would make him famous.
During these years Jackson Pollock started to paint in a completely new way. He created art that was very physical. In fact, his method is sometimes called "action painting". Most artists painted on a surface that stood upright or vertical. But Pollock put his large canvases on the floor so that he could move around all four sides of his work. He also used very liquid paints so that he could easily drop the paint onto his canvases. This "dripping" method allowed him to make energetic works.
His paintings are explosions of curving lines, shapes and colors. In his art you can see every movement that his arm made. You can see how he had to move his body around the canvas. Videos of Pollock painting show this process, which looks like a painterly dance.
Unlike other artists, Jackson Pollock did not plan the way he wanted his paintings to look. Many artists plan their works by making small drawings before painting. Pollock developed what he called a "direct method," applying the paint directly onto an empty canvas. He painted by following his immediate thoughts and emotions. Pollock combined careful movement with exact color and line. Though his paintings appear accidental, they required careful control.
Here is a recording of Pollock describing his way of painting. It was taken from a movie the British Broadcasting Corporation made about the artist in nineteen ninety-nine.
"Sometimes I use a brush but often prefer using a stick. Sometimes I pour the paint straight out of the can. I like to use a dripping, fluid paint. A method of painting is a natural growth out of a need. I want to express my feelings rather than illustrate them."
As Pollock said, he wanted to create art that was a visual representation of the motion and energy of his "inside world." He was once asked why he did not paint pictures of objects people could identify. He answered that if you wanted to see a flower, you could go look at a real one. He said that what interested him was not outside objects.
Pollock's works were both praised and criticized. His paintings were in several shows in galleries in the middle nineteen forties. However, Pollock did not produce his fully abstract "drip" paintings until later. In nineteen-fifty, the public saw these works at Betty Parson's Gallery in New York. Some art critics said this was one of the best shows of the year and that Pollock was one of the greatest painters in America. Others did not understand his work. One critic said that Pollock's art showed chaos -- complete disorder without any method.
Today, Pollock's works sell for millions of dollars. But only one painting sold at this show. It was a famous work called "Lavender Mist". This painting now hangs in the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C. "Lavender Mist" represents perfectly what was so interesting about Pollock's work. The canvas is more than two meters tall and almost three meters long. The entire surface is covered in small rivers of white, black, grey, yellow, brown and pink paint. These colors and lines create a painting that is full of visual energy.
Interestingly, there is no lavender, or light purple, color paint in this work. One of Pollock's friends suggested the name because the many other colors of paint created an atmospheric effect that looked like lavender mist. Usually, Pollock would simply name his paintings with a number and a date. He did not want the titles to explain to viewers what to see when they looked at his work.
With paintings like "Lavender Mist" Jackson Pollock helped introduce the world to a whole new way of painting and thinking about art. But he did not live very long. He died in a car accident in nineteen fifty-six at the age of forty-four.
The home in East Hampton, New York where Jackson Pollock lived with his wife Lee Krasner is now a museum. At this special place you can see the rooms where these artists lived. Most importantly, you can see the studio where Pollock and Krasner created their work. On the floor of the studio is the evidence of years and years of Pollock's thrown paint. The floor looks just like one of Pollock's paintings.
Experts say this museum is a cultural treasure. It is the place where Jackson Pollock helped introduce the world to Abstract Expressionism. Pollock helped break the traditional rules of representation and established America as an important center for modern art.
We were about to start out when the headmaster stopped us.
鎴戜滑姝ｈ鍑哄彂锛屽氨鍦ㄨ繖鏃舵牎闀挎嫤浣忎簡鎴戜滑 銆?br />
In this respect or many others, they are similar to doctors or lawyers.
鍦ㄨ繖鏂归潰鍜岃澶氬叾瀹冩柟闈紝浠栦滑涓庡尰鐢熷拰寰嬪笀寰堢浉浼?span style="display:none">OJ]_=OQ=[a2u.銆?br />
3.get away from鎽嗚劚锛涢€冪
People went there to get away from the intolerance and constraints of life in Europe.
浜轰滑鍘婚偅閲岋紝鏄负浜嗘憜鑴辨娲茬殑涓嶅蹇嶅拰瀵圭敓娲荤殑绉嶇闄愬埗 銆?br />
4.As a result缁撴灉鏄?/span>
As a result of all this, their incomes are up and land values have risen.
杩欎竴鍒囩殑缁撴灉鏄紝浠栦滑鐨勬敹鍏ュ鍔犱簡锛屽湡鍦扮殑浠峰€间篃涓婂崌浜?span style="display:none">eI9(Rwf6c@S*&&%[G.0I銆?br />
Thirdly, if it is necessary, we should set up some new reserves for them.
绗笁锛屽鏋滃繀瑕佺殑璇濓紝鎴戜滑搴旇涓哄畠浠缓绔嬩竴浜涙柊淇濇姢鍖?span style="display:none">K=Ji3GOxc_銆?br />
6.be able to浼氾紱鑳藉
They should be able to read and understand everything on the printout.
浠栦滑搴旇鑳藉闃呰鍜岀悊瑙ｆ墦鍗拌緭鍑轰笂鐨勬墍鏈夊唴瀹?span style="display:none">l_gbRiByJ~P銆?br />
鎴戞槸闆帀路鏍奸噷鑿叉柉锛屾垜鏄噷濂嚶峰厠鏋楁哺寰凤紝杩欓噷鏄疺OA鎱㈤€熻嫳璇爮鐩€婄編鍥戒汉鐗╁織銆?span style="display:none">~sf-eNwEpzd#GHvM@+O(銆備粖澶╂垜浠杩版墭寰仿烽倱鑲殑鏁呬簨銆備粬鏄竴浣嶉煶涔愪細姝屾墜鍜岄煶涔愯€佸笀 銆備粬鎵撶牬浜嗛粦浜哄彜鍏搁煶涔愭瓕鎵嬬殑涓昏鑲よ壊鐣岄檺 銆?br />閭ｆ槸1945骞达紝鍦扮偣鏄湪绾界害甯?span style="display:none">fkAaD[(w!_I銆傜航绾﹀競姝屽墽闄㈠垰鍒氬畬鎴愭剰澶у埄姝屽墽銆婁笐瑙掋€嬬殑婕斿嚭 銆?br />鎵樺痉路閭撹偗鍦ㄥ彴涓婃紨鍑?span style="display:none">f+MQ.#;KxOyi銆備粬鏄浣嶅湪杩欎釜閲嶈鐨勬瓕鍓ч櫌婕斿嚭鐨勯潪瑁旂編鍥戒汉 銆傛病浜虹煡閬撲粬浼氬彈鍒版€庢牱鐨勫寰?span style="display:none">]XN5NdyOfvw,S|L8s銆備絾鏄墽闄㈤噷鐨勪汉浠浠栫殑琛ㄦ紨缁欎簣浜嗙儹鐑堢殑鎺屽０ 銆?br />閭撹偗娌℃湁鎵紨涓€浣嶄负榛戜汉鍒涗綔鐨勮鑹?span style="display:none">bBf8hwAbi;銆傜浉鍙嶏紝浠栨壆婕斾簡涓€涓紶缁熶笂鐢辩櫧浜烘紨鍑虹殑瑙掕壊 銆傚湪绾界害甯傛瓕鍓ч櫌婕斿嚭鐨勫叾浠栨瓕鎵嬮兘鏄櫧浜?span style="display:none">S&=XUAaejHIhnZ5q銆?br />浠栫殑鍘嗗彶鎬ц〃婕斿彂鐢熷湪榛戜汉姝屾墜鐜涗附瀹壜峰畨寰锋．鍦ㄧ航绾﹀ぇ閮戒細姝屽墽闄㈡紨鍑哄墠10骞?span style="display:none">7v~3#_l!m[L!Gt@J=銆?br />鎵樺痉路閭撹偗鍑虹幇鍦ㄣ€婁笐瑙掋€嬩腑锛屼负鍏朵粬榛戜汉闊充箰瀹舵墦寮€浜嗗ぇ闂?span style="display:none">qbh,NNEj8Nhy[iJ銆傚湪閭ｅぉ鏅氫笂涔嬪墠锛岄粦浜哄彜鍏搁煶涔愭瓕鎵嬪嚑涔庢病鏈夋満浼氬湪缇庡浗鐨勪富瑕佹瓕鍓ч櫌鍜屽墽闄㈡紨鍑?span style="display:none">CnPb)N&%Zmd]銆備絾鏄墭寰仿烽倱鑲紑濮嬩簡缇庡浗鍙ゅ吀闊充箰琛ㄦ紨鐨勯噸澶у彉闈?span style="display:none">B1rmVdVev!q*nTH,!銆?br />鎵樺痉路閭撹偗娲讳簡寰堥暱鏃堕棿 銆?998骞?鏈堬紝浠栧湪鍗庣洓椤跨壒鍖哄幓涓栵紝浜勾95宀?span style="display:none">Rn-LQQ)UOOa6銆備粬涓€鐩存暀鎺堟瓕鍞辩洿鍒扮敓鍛界粨鏉?span style="display:none">U,5gBTvUOGL銆?br />缃椾集鐗孤锋墭寰仿烽倱鑲?903骞村嚭鐢熷湪鑲鍩哄窞鍗楅儴鍩庡競涓圭淮灏?span style="display:none">sY=h=],o#,@銆備粬鐨勬瘝浜插Ξ钂偮峰簱鐝€路閭撹偗鏄粬鐨勭涓€浣嶉煶涔愯€佸笀 銆?br />骞磋交鏃讹紝浠栫户缁湪鍗扮瀹夌撼宸炵殑鍗扮瀹夌撼娉㈠埄鏂涔犻煶涔?span style="display:none">I3IJ@4ZS#z=;98LxL銆備粬鍦ㄨ繖涓腑瑗块儴鍩庡競涓婁簡澶у鍜屼竴鎵€鐗规畩鐨勯煶涔愬闄?span style="display:none">.(w0wAF#Lq27go9Bn銆?br />1930骞达紝浠栧湪绾界害甯傚摜浼︽瘮浜氬ぇ瀛﹀畬鎴愪簡鏇村鐨勯煶涔愭暀鑲?span style="display:none">!o-yAD~5mm銆傜劧鍚庝粬鎼埌浜嗗崕鐩涢】 銆備粬鍦ㄥ崕鐩涢】鐨勯湇鍗庡痉澶у鏁欎簡15骞撮煶涔?span style="display:none">W#*ZY!OSjL;mtCFg銆?br />闈炶缇庡浗浜哄洜鍦ㄦ祦琛岄煶涔愪笂鐨勮础鐚€屼韩瑾夊叏鐞冿紝灏ゅ叾鏄垱閫犱簡鐖靛＋涔?span style="display:none">!sm5,;V39iPkaja銆備絾鏄垱浣滄垨琛ㄦ紨鍙ゅ吀闊充箰鐨勮憲鍚嶉粦浜洪煶涔愬骞朵笉澶?span style="display:none">Up4p;JVw(shyuogVF]銆?br />闇嶅崕寰峰ぇ瀛︾殑鏁欏璁╅倱鑲湁鏈轰細涓庝互榛戜汉瀛︾敓涓轰富鐨勫鐢熺兢浣撳垎浜粬瀵规娲插彜鍏搁煶涔愮殑鐭ヨ瘑 銆備粬鏁欐巿琛ㄧ幇闊充箰鐨勭壒鍒殑鏂瑰紡 銆傝繖浜涚壒鍒殑鏂瑰紡鍚庢潵琚О涓洪倱鑲妧宸?span style="display:none">+(|k-U3Np_EDc銆?br />鍦ㄨ繖閲岋紝鎵樺痉路閭撹偗婕斿敱浜嗗簱灏旂壒路濞佸皵鍒涗綔鐨勬瓕鍓с€婅糠澶卞湪鏄熺┖涓嬨€嬩腑鐨勨€淥Tixo,Tixo,HelpMe鈥?span style="display:none">K7!b;HK.Ec銆?br />闄や簡鏁欏锛岄倱鑲篃鍦ㄥ嚑涓瓕鍓т腑涓庡叏鏄粦浜虹殑琛ㄦ紨鑰呬竴鍧楁紨鍞?span style="display:none">UpTu.kUsoY&(!Z,euR60銆備絾浠栦技涔庢€绘槸浠ラ煶涔愪細鑹烘湳瀹剁殑韬唤涓轰汉鎵€鐭?span style="display:none">|U#09aiCg3,]*g銆傞倱鑲湪25骞寸殑婕旇壓鐢熸动涓紝鍦?0涓浗瀹惰嚦灏戞紨鍞变簡5000鍦洪煶涔愪細 銆?br />鐒惰€岋紝鍦?0涓栫邯30骞翠唬涓湡锛屼粬鐨勭敓娲绘敼鍙樹簡鏂瑰悜 銆傚綋鏃讹紝缇庡浗钁楀悕鐨勯煶涔愪綔瀹朵箶娌宦锋牸浠€娓╂鍦ㄥ鎵句竴涓汉鍦ㄤ粬鐨勬柊浣滃搧銆婃尝鍚変笌璐濅笣銆嬩腑鎷呬换涓昏 銆?br />鏍间粈娓╁惉浜嗚瘯鍥炬壆婕旇繖涓鑹茬殑涓€鐧惧悕鐢蜂腑闊崇殑婕斿敱 銆備粬涓€涓篃娌＄湅涓?span style="display:none">VTA6#00AOU]7ndk銆傜劧鍚庯紝銆婄航绾︽椂鎶ャ€嬬殑闊充箰璇勮瀹跺悜浠栨帹鑽愪簡鎵樺痉路閭撹偗 銆?br />閭撹偗鍑犱箮鍐冲畾涓嶆紨杩欎釜瑙掕壊 銆備絾鏄粬鏀瑰彉浜嗕富鎰?span style="display:none">i^EW-E.W2-R*f&g_Rq銆備粬涓烘牸浠€娓╂紨鍞变簡涓€涓剰澶у埄姝屽墽鐨勪竴娈垫瓕鏇?span style="display:none">f.@(Ar97;rdq+lxb#銆備粬鍙敱浜嗗嚑鍒嗛挓锛屾牸浠€娓╁氨缁欎簡浠栬繖涓鑹?span style="display:none">bGmtBziRL[d,i)|G6l銆備絾鏄倱鑲笉鐭ラ亾浠栨槸鍚︽槸鎵紨娉㈠悏鐨勫悎閫備汉閫?span style="display:none">^~ZWBK0N;d_UYPSH,01U銆?br />澶氬勾鍚庯紝閭撹偗鎵胯锛屼粬褰撴椂涓嶇煡閬撲箶娌宦锋牸浠€娓╂槸涓€浣嶅姝ゆ垚鍔熺殑浣滄洸瀹?span style="display:none">os_j61!NMi6m9WW銆傝€屼笖浠栬涓烘牸浠€娓╀笉浠呬粎鍒涗綔娴佽闊充箰 銆傞倱鑲粡甯告紨鍞卞儚甯冩媺濮嗘柉鍜岃垝鏇肩瓑浣滄洸瀹剁殑鍙ゅ吀浣滃搧 銆?br />鎵樺痉路閭撹偗琛ㄧず浠栧緱鍏堝惉鍚€婃尝鍚変笌璐濅笣銆?span style="display:none">+2bWfP|OvxbEC.+銆備粬鍚簡 銆傜劧鍚庝粬鎺ュ彈浜嗘尝鍚夎繖涓鑹?span style="display:none">]1o&YKWeh_SF2%QJ3c0]銆備絾浠栬锛屼粬鍙戠幇琛ㄦ紨寰堝洶闅撅紝鍥犱负娉㈠悏鐨勮吙涓嶅ソ锛屼笉鑳借蛋璺?span style="display:none">&L4#(^VUL*i6F29;M3F1銆傛瓕鍓х殑澶ч儴鍒嗘椂闂翠粬閮藉緱璺潃 銆?br />閭撹偗鐢ㄤ粬鐨勭壒娈婃柟娉曟潵杩涜鍏呰冻鐨勫懠鍚告潵鍙戝嚭缇庡鐨勫０闊?span style="display:none">[ZV;+[SL;4z[@F7XpH[z銆傚嵆浣垮湪瑙掕壊瑕佹眰鐨勫洶闅惧澧冧笅锛屼粬涔熻兘鍋氬埌杩欎竴鐐?span style="display:none">m|F,5v3~pJ8sOu;N銆?br />杩欓噷鏄墭寰仿烽倱鑲紨鍞辨牸浠€娓╃殑姝屽墽銆婃尝鍚変笌璐濅笣銆嬩腑鐨勩€婃尝鍚夌殑鎸芥瓕銆?span style="display:none">=AdsH)dWiIN7b@&U(銆?br />鎵樺痉路閭撹偗鍦?935骞淬€婃尝鍚変笌璐濅笣銆嬬殑棣栨紨涓紨鍞?span style="display:none">PEB[dLhsr.l((1銆傜劧鍚庝粬鍦?937骞村拰1942骞村啀娆′互娉㈠悏杩欎釜瑙掕壊浜浉 銆備粬缁忓父璇勮閬擄紝浣夸粬鏈€鍑哄悕鐨勬槸浠栧彧婕斾簡涓夊勾鐨勮鑹?span style="display:none">by^7_z,]dZ|FPEf銆?br />浠栨壆婕旂殑娉㈠悏鐨勫悕澹板府鍔╀粬鍦ㄧ航绾︽瓕鍓ч櫌鑾峰緱浜嗐€婁笐瑙掋€嬩腑鐨勮鑹?span style="display:none">M0#zRydzUQtYOBOqw=l銆備粬杩樺湪绾界害姝屽墽闄㈡紨鍞变簡鍏朵粬閮ㄥ垎 銆?br />鍒氭墠锛屼綘鍚埌鐨勬槸浠栨渶鍠滄鐨勬瓕鍓т箣涓€涓殑涓€棣栨瓕鏇?span style="display:none">G25lNMj|]2X銆傝繖涓鑹叉槸鏂拏鑺峰簱椹礇鍦ㄣ€婅糠澶卞湪鏄熺┖涓嬨€嬩腑鐨勮鑹?span style="display:none">9w+CdtjZ+K~ni銆傝繖鏄叧浜庨潪娲茬殑鐢辫壘浼β峰笗椤垮垱浣滅殑钁楀悕灏忚銆婂摥鍚э紝浜茬埍鐨勭鍥姐€嬬殑闊充箰鍓х増鏈?span style="display:none">WoEX)p&]RU+^;P(BF-8銆?br />缇庡浗浣滃椹厠鏂煢灏斅峰畨寰锋．涓哄痉鍥戒綔鏇插搴撳皵鐗孤峰▉灏旂殑浣滃搧鍐欎簡姝岃瘝 銆傚惉鎵樺痉路閭撹偗婕斿敱銆婅糠澶卞湪鏄熺┖涓嬨€嬬殑鍚屽悕涓绘墦姝?span style="display:none">pp7p)eLgcA=kJVvFtz銆?br />鎵樺痉路閭撹偗浠ヤ竴浣嶆瓕鍓ф紨鍞辫€呭拰闊充箰浼氳壓鏈鑰岄椈鍚?span style="display:none">=d*PZXo;ya3g(yuoFIcK銆備絾鏄粬瀵归煶涔愭渶澶х殑鐑埍鏄暀瀛?span style="display:none">@ms.Vm|WH6p.blnzQJ銆傚綋浠栧仠姝㈠湪闇嶅崕寰峰ぇ瀛︿换鏁欏悗锛屼粬缁х画鍦ㄥ崕鐩涢】鐨勫涓暀鎺堝０涔愯绋嬶紝鐩村埌鍘讳笘鍓嶄竴鍛?span style="display:none">pxNR*;PG1uyzJu銆?br />澶氬勾鏉ヤ粬鏁欐巿浜嗚璁稿澶氱殑瀛︾敓 銆備竴浜涢煶涔愬绉帮紝浠栦滑鎬绘槸鑳借鍑烘墭寰仿烽倱鑲殑瀛︾敓 銆備粬浠О浠栧甫鍑虹殑瀛︾敓灞曠ず鍑轰簡浠栫壒鍒殑婕斿敱鏂规硶 銆?br />鍞愮撼寰仿峰竷鏂浖鏄潵鑷笢閮ㄩ┈钀ㄨ濉炲窞鐨勪竴鍚嶆瓕鎵嬪拰姝屽敱鏁欏笀 銆備粬鍦?950骞翠唬寮€濮嬪拰鎵樺痉路閭撹偗涓€璧峰涔?span style="display:none">morwXJ0nSckj6_()銆?br />褰撴椂甯冩柉鏇?2宀?span style="display:none">61U^Ci[IWfnNU3CFH7,銆備粬鏄編鍥界┖鍐涘畼鏂规瓕鍞卞洟浣撶殑鎴愬憳 銆備粬鍦ㄥぇ瀛﹀涔犺繃闊充箰 銆備絾鏄粬鍜岄倱鑲竴鍧楀涔犳潵鎻愬崌浠栫殑婕斿敱鑳藉姏 銆?br />甯冩柉鏇艰繛缁?3骞存瘡鍛ㄩ兘鍜岄倱鑲竴璧蜂笂璇撅紝閭ｄ箣鍚庯紝姣忔鎺ュ彈涓€涓柊鐨勯煶涔愰」鐩紝浠栭兘浼氬洖鍒伴倱鑲韩杈?span style="display:none">5mU.E#S!Wxrgj6~XjoE&銆?br />甯冩柉鏇肩О閭撹偗鏄粬涓€鐢熺殑鑰佸笀 銆傚緢澶氶倱鑲殑瀛︾敓涔熸槸杩欐牱璁や负鐨?span style="display:none">EN15k)kzd[銆?br />鎵樺痉路閭撹偗涓轰粬鐨勫鐢熸劅鍒伴獎鍌?span style="display:none">-+4@P7*Pd&U;銆備粬瀵硅嚜宸辩殑鍙ゅ吀闊充箰鐨勬紨鍑烘劅鍒伴獎鍌?span style="display:none">okom3=LicXIu&Woxz3JF銆傝€屼笖锛屼粬涓鸿嚜宸辨槸绗竴涓湪澶у瀷姝屽墽闄㈡墦鐮磋偆鑹茬晫闄愮殑闈炴床瑁旂編鍥戒汉鑰屾劅鍒拌嚜璞?span style="display:none">pPDwhU4mtujk0ek5U~~r銆?br />浠栧湪1990骞寸殑涓€娆＄數瑙嗗箍鎾腑鎸囧嚭锛屽叏缇庡浗鐨勬瓕鍓ч櫌閲岄兘鏈夐粦浜烘紨鍞?span style="display:none">N-6Afj[h.o6pQ@B2B#銆備粬琛ㄧず锛屸€滄垜寰堝紑蹇冿紝鎴戞槸绗竴浣嶆墦寮€杩欐墖闂ㄧ殑浜猴紝鎴戣姣忎釜浜虹煡閬撴垜浠彲浠ュ仛鍒拌繖涓?span style="display:none">#SA|yKlqZ,l銆傗€?br />